Winterberry Farm Primitives

This blog is now devoted to gardening with native plants with a focus on those species native to the east coast of the United States. With an MS in Agricultural Science from the University of Delaware and my love of native plants, I hope to help folks see the beauty and necessity of using native plants in your garden instead of exotic plants. Did you know that our native song birds and native insects are disappearing as our local environments continue to change?
For those who come to this page to see my 'Winterberry Farm Primitives' blog can now be found at http://winterberryfarmprimitivesshopblog.blogspot.com/ where I will post new additions to my online antiques shop at http://www.winterberryfarmprimitives.com/ and discuss various subjects about primitive antiques.

Tuesday, September 28, 2010

No Stink Bugs Around Here!!

Hi everyone! If you are like me, you are ready for fall and some cool, crisp weather! BUT, if you live in the Mid-Atlantic region of the U.S. you are now experiencing "The Invasion of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Halyomorpha halys) and are not too happy about it! This little critter is inundating homes and businesses in the area and causing all kinds of problems. They apparently look for warm spots, as the weather gets cooler, to spend the winter and are so numerous that there are several websites and blogs that have sprung up dedicated to helping people get rid of this pest! There is a small problem, though! There is a 'good bug' out there that can be confused with the stink bug. This 'good bug' is the Spined Soldier Bug (Podisus maculiventris) and is a predator of other insects that eat our plants! The differences between the two are explained in the picture of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Halyomorpha halys). Take a look and compare the two before squashing them! The most distinctive difference (besides the nasty smell) is that the stink bug has rounded 'shoulders' and the soldier bug has pointed 'shoulders'. This is a very distinctive difference and easy to see. OK - some of us might need a magnifying glass!
The differences between the Spined Soldier Bug and the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug.










The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug was not known in the U.S. until 2001 and was first found in shipping containers from Asia. They were first identified in Allentown, PA but it is possible that they have been in the country since the late '90s. They are now found as far south as Virginia and will, I am sure, continue their spread throughout the country. Stink bugs are native to Asia and are considered invasive in the United States. They are predators on other insects in their own environment and are controlled by native Asian predators, but there are no known biological predators native to the United States. They usually attack fruit trees, vegetables, and ornamental trees and shrubs. These bugs don't actually hurt humans or animals but they can be very annoying! They have a nasty habit of exuding a disgusting 'stink' whenever they are crushed or defending themselves. In extreme cases, stink bugs can invade your home or business and there are several websites out there that tell you how to protect your home from these pests by closing up your home with tape and caulk! Our native birds, and even the exotic birds like starlings, won't eat them because they taste nasty! Pesticides are one way that websites and pesticide companies are telling you to control stink bugs and they recommend certain pyrethroids, including deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, and cyfluthrin. Yes, these are "organic" pesticides because they are from the chrysanthemum plant BUT DO NOT BE FOOLED by the word "organic"! These are deadly neurotoxins and should be sprayed by professionals! Yes, an "organic" pesticide that is lethal! Just because it is "organic" - from a plant - does not mean it is safe! On the contrary, some of the most lethal pesticides are from plants and why not - this is how a plant protects itself from insects and other chewing animals! The important word here is ANIMAL - just like humans - insects are animals and we all, as animals, share some of the most basic DNA, so if it can hurt an insect - it is possible that it can hurt you!
Did you also notice that at the beginning of this post I said that they 'apparently' look for warm spots and that can be in your home? That they are 'apparently' inundating homes? Why 'apparently? Because I have not had the same problem as most other people with this little bug! Here on the "Farm" we have found one or two in the house and none have attacked the plants in my yard! Why? Well, of course these little bugs will attack some natives, like hollies, tomato fruits, and redbuds but the majority of the things they attack are from Asia! Soybeans, apple trees, pear trees, butterfly bushes, lilacs and other exotic ornamentals. Just another reason to go native!

One last thing, if you don't live in the Mid-Atlantic area of the United States but you see stink bugs - contact your local extension agent!
So until next time - try to keep the stink bugs out of your house!

6 comments:

  1. I swear we have them in North Georgia or at least a close cousin. They loved my vegetable garden (okra, squash, tomatoes, etc). So far they have not invaded the house.

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  2. Thanks for this interesting information. I have noticed a few stink bugs around here in Williamsburg, Virginia, but not at all invasive but we are still having fairly warm weather.

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  3. Hi Cottage Girl!
    Apparently the stink bugs are just making their way down to VA - wait a couple of years as the mating couples start setting up housekeeping!
    These bugs have also been seen in CA and OR but may just be hitchhikers because mating populations have not been found but that can change at any time!

    Thank you Papaw's Girl!
    If the bugs look like the bug in the pic,they are the stink bugs - if they just look similar, they may be 'soldier bugs' and these guys are good bugs who are predators on other insects. I will post a pic of them also!

    If anyone else in other states sees the bugs in the picture at the top of this post, please call your extension agent.

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  5. is that the kind of stink bugs that flew at night in the lamps?

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  6. Thank you very much for posting this info. It sure is difficult to tell them apart - I was hopeful that the lil critters that keep showing up in our dining room were soldiers, but alas and alack, I am pretty certain they are the stinkers...We live in Portland Oregon.

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